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The eggplant is a member of the Solanaceae family, also known as the Nightshade family, which includes crops such as the Irish potato, tomato, tomatillo and pepper. The eggplant is thought to have originated in Asia (mainly parts of India and Burma/Myanmar), and the first record of this vegetable was from a 5th century Chinese book. The original eggplant was a wild plant with orange, pea-sized, spiny fruit — very different than the present-day eggplant!
Frelier, Johannah; Cummins, Denyse; and Motsenbocker, Carl, "Sustainable Gardening for School and Home Gardens: Eggplant" (2021). Sustainable Gardening for School and Home Gardens. 4.