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A first-order magneto-structural transition from a ferromagnetic orthorhombic TiNiSi-type martensite phase to a paramagnetic hexagonal Ni 2In-type austenite phase was observed in (MnNiSi) 0.65(Fe 2Ge) 0.35. In this work, we demonstrate that the first-order magneto-structural transition temperature for a given composition is tunable over a wide temperature range through heat treatment and hydrostatic pressure. The first-order transition temperature was reduced by over 100 K as the annealing temperature went from 600 to 900 °C, and this first-order transition was converted to second order when the sample was annealed at 1000 °C. The maximum magnetic-induced isothermal entropy change with μ0ΔH=7 T reaches -58 J/kg K for the sample annealed at 600 °C, and the relative cooling power reaches 558 J/kg for the sample annealed at 700 °C. Similar to the influence of annealing temperatures, the first-order martensitic transition temperatures were reduced as the application of hydrostatic pressure increased until they were converted to second order. Our results suggest that the (MnNiSi) 0.65(Fe 2Ge) 0.35 system is a promising platform for tuning magneto-structural transitions and the associated magnetocaloric effects. Furthermore, a similar heat treatment methodology or application of hydrostatic pressure can be applied to MnNiSi-based shape memory alloys to tailor their working transition temperatures.

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Journal of Applied Physics