University of Massachusetts Press
Editor Timothy Walker and the chapters’ authors challenge the “20th century fakelore featuring the use of quilt codes, lawn jockeys and other physical devices as signs and signals.” What their collection shows is “that escape by water, through a vast network of maritime links, was far more common,” as escapees often hid in plain sight, posing as dockworkers, and seamen, on their way to freedom.
Larson, Kate Clifford
"Sailing to Freedom: Maritime Dimensions of the Underground Railroad,"
Civil War Book Review: Vol. 23
Available at: https://repository.lsu.edu/cwbr/vol23/iss2/4