New York University Press
Kristin O’Brassill-Kulfan’s Vagrants and Vagabonds: Poverty and Mobility in the Early American Republic examines the poor relief and criminal bureaucracies in Pennsylvania, New York, and neighboring Mid-Atlantic states that regularly judged, institutionalized, and transported people, often against their will, in the first half of the nineteenth century. In this era of urban growth and early industrialization, poverty was increasingly visible and seen as a fundamental danger. Vagrants and Vagabonds does an excellent job of describing and analyzing themes and approaches that were common throughout the region, and also traces the varied evolution of these approaches in different states.
Hacsi, Timothy A.
"Vagrants and Vagabonds: Poverty and Mobility in the Early American Republic,"
Civil War Book Review: Vol. 21
Available at: https://repository.lsu.edu/cwbr/vol21/iss3/23