Modeling rice grain yield response to nitrogen fertilization for delayed-flood production

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Nitrogen (N) fertilization decisions are important for farm profit and environmental stewardship. The objective of this research was to evaluate and compare three models (linear-plateau, quadratic-plateau, and quadratic) that can potentially be used to describe rice yield response to N fertilization. Fertilizer N response trials of four newly released rice cultivars from seven sites located in both Mississippi and Louisiana over a two-year period were used. Similar R 2 values indicated that each model fit the data equally well. The linear-plateau model had a tendency to produce lower estimates of the economical optimum N rate (EONR) while providing high estimates of yield at the EONR which, in turn, produced higher economic returns compared with other models. All models were equally stable with respect to input and output cost changes. The model used to predict EONR and economic estimates should be considered when evaluating published planning budgets supplied by economists to producers. © 2011 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

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Journal of Plant Nutrition

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