Increased Dietary Manganese Impairs Neutrophil Extracellular Trap Formation Rendering Neutrophils Ineffective at Combating Staphylococcus aureus

Document Type


Publication Date



Dietary metals can modify the risk to infection. Previously, we demonstrated that heightened dietary manganese (Mn) during systemic Staphylococcus aureus infection increases S. aureus virulence. However, immune cells also operate in these same environments and the effect of dietary Mn on neutrophil function has not been assessed. This study reveals that increased concentrations of Mn impairs mitochondrial respiration and superoxide production in neutrophils responding to S. aureus. As a result, high Mn accelerates primary degranulation, while impairing suicidal neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation, which decreases bactericidal activity. , elevated dietary Mn accumulated extracellularly in the heart, indicating that excess Mn may be more bioavailable in the heart. Coinciding with this phenotype, neutrophil function in the heart was most impacted by a high Mn diet, as neutrophils produced lower levels of mitochondrial superoxide and underwent less suicidal NET formation. Consistent with an ineffective neutrophil response when mice are on a high Mn diet, S. aureus burdens were increased in the heart and mice were more susceptible to systemic infection. Therefore, elevated dietary Mn not only affects S. aureus but also renders neutrophils less capable of restricting staphylococcal infection.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

Infection and immunity

First Page


This document is currently not available here.