Conductive deafness, caused by outer or middle ear obstruction, may be corrected, whereas sensorineural deafness cannot. Most deafness in dogs is congenital sensorineural hereditary deafness, associated with the genes for white pigment: piebald or merle. The genetic cause has not yet been identified. Dogs with blue eyes have a greater likelihood of hereditary deafness than brown-eyed dogs. Other common forms of sensorineural deafness include presbycusis, ototoxicity, noise-induced hearing loss, otitis interna, and anesthesia. Definitive diagnosis of deafness requires brainstem auditory evoked response testing.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice
Strain, G. M. (2012). Canine deafness. The Veterinary clinics of North America. Small animal practice, 42 (6), 1209-24. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cvsm.2012.08.010