In vitro biomechanical comparison of locking compression plate fixation and limited-contact dynamic compression plate fixation of osteotomized equine third metacarpal bones

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OBJECTIVE: To compare monotonic biomechanical properties and fatigue life of a broad locking compression plate (LCP) fixation with a broad limited contact dynamic compression plate (LC-DCP) fixation to repair osteotomized equine third metacarpal (MC3) bones. STUDY DESIGN: In vitro biomechanical testing of paired cadaveric equine MC3 with a mid-diaphyseal osteotomy, stabilized by 1 of 2 methods for fracture fixation. ANIMAL POPULATION: Cadaveric adult equine MC3 bones (n=12 pairs). METHODS: MC3 were divided into 3 groups (4 pairs each) for: (1) 4-point bending single cycle to failure testing; (2) 4-point bending cyclic fatigue testing; and (3) torsional single cycle to failure testing. The 8-hole, 4.5 mm LCP was applied to the dorsal surface of 1 randomly selected bone from each pair. One 8-hole, 4.5 mm LC-DCP) was applied dorsally to the contralateral bone from each pair. All plates and screws were applied using standard ASIF techniques. All MC3 bones had mid-diaphyseal osteotomies. Mean test variable values for each method were compared using a paired t-test within each group. Significance was set at P<.05. RESULTS: Mean yield load, yield bending moment, composite rigidity, failure load and failure bending moment, under 4-point bending, single cycle to failure, of the LCP fixation were significantly greater than those of the LC-DCP fixation. Mean cycles to failure for 4-point bending was significantly greater for the LCP fixation compared with LC-DCP fixation. Mean yield load, mean composite rigidity, and mean failure load under torsional testing, single cycle to failure was significantly greater for the broad LCP fixation compared with the LC-DCP fixation. CONCLUSION: The 4.5 mm LCP was superior to the 4.5 mm LC-DCP in resisting the static overload forces (palmarodorsal 4-point bending and torsional) and in resisting cyclic fatigue under palmarodorsal 4-point bending. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The results of this in vitro study may provide information to aid in the selection of a biological plate for the repair of equine long bone fractures.

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Veterinary surgery : VS

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