Sex-specific effects of maternal weight loss on offspring cardiometabolic outcomes in the obese preeclamptic-like mouse model, BPH/5

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AbstractPreeclampsia (PE) is a hypertensive disorder that impacts 2-8% of pregnant women worldwide. It is characterized by new onset hypertension during the second half of gestation and is a leading cause of maternal and fetal morbidity/mortality. Maternal obesity increases the risk of PE and is a key predictor of childhood obesity and potentially offspring cardiometabolic complications in a sex-dependent manner. The influence of the maternal obesogenic environment, with superimposed PE, on offspring development into adulthood is unknown. Obese BPH/5 mice spontaneously exhibit late-gestational hypertension, fetal demise and growth restriction, and excessive gestational weight gain. BPH/5 females have improved pregnancy outcomes when maternal weight loss via pair-feeding is imposed beginning at conception. We hypothesized that phenotypic differences between female and male BPH/5 offspring can be influenced by pair feeding BPH/5 dams during pregnancy. BPH/5 pair-fed dams have improved litter sizes and increased fetal body weights. BPH/5 offspring born to ad libitum dams have similar sex ratios, body weights, and fecal microbiome as well as increased blood pressure that is reduced in the dam pair-fed offspring. Both BPH/5 male and female offspring born to pair-fed dams have a reduction in adiposity and an altered gut microbiome, while only female offspring born to pair-fed dams have decreased circulating leptin and white adipose tissue inflammatory cytokines. These sexually dimorphic results suggest that reduction in the maternal obesogenic environment in early pregnancy may play a greater role in female BPH/5 sex-dependent cardiometabolic outcomes than males. Reprograming females may mitigate the transgenerational progression of cardiometabolic disease.

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Physiological reports

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