ITK independent development of Th17 responses during hypersensitivity pneumonitis driven lung inflammation
T helper 17 (Th17) cells develop in response to T cell receptor signals (TCR) in the presence of specific environments, and produce the inflammatory cytokine IL17A. These cells have been implicated in a number of inflammatory diseases and represent a potential target for ameliorating such diseases. The kinase ITK, a critical regulator of TCR signals, has been shown to be required for the development of Th17 cells. However, we show here that lung inflammation induced by Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula (SR) induced Hypersensitivity pneumonitis (SR-HP) results in a neutrophil independent, and ITK independent Th17 responses, although ITK signals are required for γδ T cell production of IL17A. Transcriptomic analysis of resultant ITK independent Th17 cells suggest that the SR-HP-induced extrinsic inflammatory signals may override intrinsic T cell signals downstream of ITK to rescue Th17 responses in the absence of ITK. These findings suggest that the ability to pharmaceutically target ITK to suppress Th17 responses may be dependent on the type of inflammation.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Elmore, J., Carter, C., Redko, A., Koylass, N., Bennett, A., Mead, M., Ocasio-Rivera, M., Huang, W., Singh, A., & August, A. (2022). ITK independent development of Th17 responses during hypersensitivity pneumonitis driven lung inflammation. Communications biology, 5 (1), 162. https://doi.org/10.1038/s42003-022-03109-1