Cutoff scores, norms and patterns of feeding problems for the Screening Tool of fEeding Problems (STEP) for adults with intellectual disabilities

Johnny L. Matson, Department of Psychology, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA.
Jill C. Fodstad
Jessica A. Boisjoli


Independent living is a goal for everyone, but often persons with intellectual disabilities (ID) have major challenges in this respect. In fact, deficits in daily living skills are a hallmark of the condition. One of the most serious and potentially problematic of the independent living skills is difficulties or irregularities in eating. These problems can not only effect independence but they can result in more restrictive living conditions, poor nutrition, choking, aspiration, or even death. Given the serious nature of the disorder, it points to the need for adequate screening and diagnosis of such problems. The present study reports on the STEP and the development of cutoff scores and norms for the scale. Possible applications of these data for real world problems of person with ID are discussed.