Co-occurring disorder clusters in adults with mild and moderate intellectual disability in residential treatment settings

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In the typically developing population, co-occurring psychopathology is not uncommon and is a topic of importance among psychologists. It is only recently that the psychopathology in individuals with intellectual disability (ID) has become an area of significant clinical and research interest. Individuals with ID are believed to be at a greater risk for co-occurring disorders compared to the typical population. By definition, ID involves deficits in adaptive behavior, which necessitates the use of community services, or specialized services at residential facilities to manage severe challenging behaviors or psychiatric disorders. The presence of co-occurring disorders in addition to ID can complicate treatment, limit available services, and restrict opportunities for individuals with ID. The present study examines the prevalence of co-occurring psychiatric disorders and ID in a sample of 78 individuals with mild to moderate ID living in a long-term residential treatment facility diagnosed with psychiatric disorders. Certain psychiatric disorders were more likely to co-occur together in this population. Identifying and treating individuals with multiple psychopathologies in addition to ID poses challenges unique to the population.

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Research in developmental disabilities

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