The relationship between psychopathology symptom clusters and the presence of comorbid psychopathology in individuals with severe to profound intellectual disability

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In the typically developing population, comorbid psychopathology refers to the co-occurrence of two different psychopathologies other than cognitive impairments. With respect to individuals with intellectual disability, comorbidity is often described as cognitive deficits and one additional psychopathology manifesting together. However, just as within the typically developing population, individuals with intellectual disability may also present with symptoms of two or more additional disorders. The presentation of these symptom clusters may similarly correlate. Therefore, the current study used the Diagnostic Assessment for the Severely Handicapped-II in order to examine relationships between psychopathological symptom clusters in adults with severe to profound intellectual disability. Additionally, we assessed comorbid presentation of disorders other than cognitive impairments in these same adults. Several symptom clusters were identified as being related with moderate to strong positive correlations. Furthermore, elevations on the Impulse subscale were noted to be the most prevalent in the current sample, with comorbid elevations most commonly occurring along the Mood, Mania, and Anxiety subscales. The significance of these findings is discussed.

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Research in developmental disabilities

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