Predictors of pretreatment attrition from smoking cessation among pre- and postmenopausal, weight-concerned women

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The present study sought to determine whether postcessation weight gain concerns influenced pretreatment attrition differently for pre- versus postmenopausal women smokers. Participants were pre- and postmenopausal women smokers drawn from two clinical trials for smoking cessation and weight gain prevention [the Smoking Treatment/Obesity Prevention (STOP) studies]. Predictors of attrition from baseline assessment visits prior to entering smoking cessation treatment were identified among these women. Pretreatment attrition was significantly higher among the premenopausal women. The premenopausal women had significantly higher weight concern but lower restraint and disinhibition than the postmenopausal women. Weight concern explained variance in treatment attrition from the programs, while controlling for variables such as Body Mass Index (BMI), smoking rate, number of years smoking, nicotine dependence level, dietary restraint, disinhibition, and hunger, such that the higher the weight concern, the more likely women were to drop out of treatment programs prior to a quitting attempt.

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Eating behaviors

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