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Newly designed fluorine-doped magnetic carbon (F-MC) was synthesized in situ though a facile one-step pyrolysis-carbonization method. Poly(vinylidene fluoride) (PVDF) served as the precursor for both carbon and fluorine. 2.5% F content with core-shell structure was obtained over F-MC, which was used as a adsorbent for the Cr(VI) removal. To our best knowledge, this is the first time to report that the fluorine doped material was applied for the Cr(VI) removal, demonstrating very high removal capacity (1423.4 mg g−1), higher than most reported adsorbents. The unexpected performance of F-MC can be attributed to the configuration of F dopants on the surface. The observed pseudo-second-order kinetic study indicated the dominance of chemical adsorption for this process. High stability of F-MC after 5 recycling test for the Cr(VI) removal was also observed, indicating that F-MC could be used as an excellent adsorbent for the toxic heavy metal removal from the wastewater.

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