Interfacial polymerized copolymers of aniline and phenylenediamine with tunable magnetoresistance and negative permittivity

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With the purpose of ameliorating the electrical property, permittivity and magnetoresistance of polyaniline (PANI) nanofibers, three types of phenylenediamine (PDA), including o-PDA, m-PDA, and p-PDA, and different contents of PDA have been incorporated into the PANI polymer backbone by the interfacial copolymerization of aniline with PDA. The results demonstrate that different types and contents of PDAs could disclose the distinct effects on the chemical structures, crystalline structures, and morphologies for copolymers of aniline with PDA affirmed by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, solid-state 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (13C NMR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscope (SEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The molecular weight of all copolymers is reduced by several orders of magnitude relative to pure PANI nanofibers confirmed by gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The resistivity variations for the copolymers of aniline with different types of PDAs are well explained from the point view of their molecular structures based on the first-principle simulations (i.e. intrachain electrical conductivity) and degree of crystallinity gained from XRD (i.e. interchain electrical conductivity). A tunable room-temperature magnetoresistance (MR) and a controllable negative permittivity are discovered in the copolymers of aniline with different types and contents of PDAs. This work provides a new insight for the manipulation of electrical transport for PANI nanofibers and helps seek the new applications of conductive polymer.

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Materials Today Physics

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