We analyze the magnetization at the interface between singlet and triplet superconductors and show that its direction and dependence on the phase difference across the junction are strongly tied to the structure of the triplet order parameter as well as to the pairing interactions. We consider equal spin helical, opposite spin chiral, and mixed symmetry pairing on the triplet side and show that the magnetization vanishes at φ=0 only in the first case, follows approximately a cosφ behavior for the second, and shows higher harmonics for the last configuration. We trace the origin of the magnetization to the magnetic structure of the Andreev bound states near the interface, and provide a symmetry-based explanation of the results. Our findings can be used to control the magnetization in superconducting heterostructures and to test symmetries of spin-triplet superconductors.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review B
Romano, A., Gentile, P., Noce, C., Vekhter, I., & Cuoco, M. (2016). Control of magnetism in singlet-triplet superconducting heterostructures. Physical Review B, 93 (1) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.93.014510