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The critical behaviors of polycrystalline Ni2MnGa and Ni2Mn0.85Cu0.15Ga have been examined through high-resolution bulk magnetization measurements. The critical exponents, β and γ, were derived from modified Arrott plots using the Kouvel-Fisher method. The values of the extracted critical exponents satisfied the scaling equation of state and associated exponent relations, indicating self-consistency of the extracted values. In Ni2MnGa, the critical exponents (β = 0.401 ± 0.003, γ = 1.27 ± 0.02) indicate a deviation from the 3D-Heisenberg values toward the mean-field values, likely due to the presence of long-range Ruderman-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida interactions. However, the critical exponents of Ni2Mn0.85Cu0.15Ga (β = 0.389 ± 0.004, γ = 1.39 ± 0.02) are closer to the 3D-Heisenberg values. This indicates a weakening of the long-range exchange interactions due to the substitution of Cu in the Mn site.

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Journal of Applied Physics