STM investigation of the coadsorption and reaction of oxygen and hydrogen on Ni(110)

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The interaction and reaction between oxygen and hydrogen on Ni(110) has been studied by STM. For O and H surface coverages below 1 2 ML, coadsorption experiments at 300 K indicate that there is a large local repulsion between the differing species, which consequently phase separate into (2 × 1)-O and (1 × 2)-H structural domains. However, if the O surface concentration is at or above 1 2 ML, adsorption of H is inhibited due to a site blocking mechanism. It is revealed that the titration reaction of a pre-oxygenated Ni(110) surface (θo ≤ 2 3 ML) at 473 K initiates preferentially at step edges running along the [11̄0] direction and subsequently progresses across flat terraces. Details concerning the overall titration rate, as a function of the initial oxygen coverage, are shown to be dominated by this local reaction mechanism. The interaction of hydrogen with the higher density (9 × 5)-O phase (θo ≈ 1 ML) is markedly different from that of the lower density phases; relatively small amounts of hydrogen induce a structural phase transformation in which the metastable (9 × 5)-O is converted to domains of (3 × 1)f-O and NiO(100) phases. © 1995.

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Surface Science

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