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The induced intraspecies interactions among the majority species, mediated by the minority species, is computed for a population-imbalanced two-component Fermi gas. Although the Feshbach-resonance mediated interspecies interaction is dominant for equal populations, leading to singlet s-wave pairing, we find that, in the strongly imbalanced regime, the induced intraspecies interaction leads to p-wave pairing and superfluidity of the majority species. Thus, we predict that the observed spin-polaron Fermi-liquid state in this regime is unstable to p-wave superfluidity, in accordance with the results of Kohn and Luttinger, below a temperature that, near unitarity, we find to be within current experimental capabilities. We present possible experimental signatures of the p-wave state using radiofrequency spectroscopy as well as density-density correlations after free expansion. © 2012 American Physical Society.

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Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics