We use a BCS-type variational wave function to study attractively interacting quasi-one-dimensional fermionic atomic gases, motivated by cold-atom experiments that access the one-dimensional regime using an anisotropic harmonic trapping potential (with trapping frequencies ωx = ωy 蠑 ωz) that confines the gas to a cigar-shaped geometry. To handle the presence of the trap along the z direction, we construct our variational wave function from the harmonic oscillator Hermite functions, which are the eigenstates of the single-particle problem. Using an analytic determination of the effective interaction among harmonic oscillator states along with a numerical solution of the resulting variational equations, we make specific experimental predictions for how pairing correlations would be revealed in experimental probes, such as the local density and the momentum correlation function.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics
Kudla, S., Gautreau, D., & Sheehy, D. (2015). Pairing correlations in a trapped one-dimensional Fermi gas. Physical Review A - Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, 91 (4) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevA.91.043612