Spectral evolution of a subclass of Gamma-Ray Bursts observed by BATSE

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Among the gamma-ray bursts observed by the Burst and Transient Source Experiment (BATSE) on board the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory we define a subclass of bursts based on similar morphology: a sharp rise followed by a longer decay time. About 7% of all the gamma-ray bursts observed by BATSE fall into this subclass. We study the spectral evolution of these bursts by fitting models to time-segmented burst spectra and find no clear distinction between the spectral evolutionary properties of this subclass and those of other bursts. Further, we study the high time resolution spectral evolution of this subclass of GRBs using their spectral hardness ratios. A majority of the bursts show hardness ratio leading the counting rate and also display a continuous hard to soft evolution. The time lag between the counting rate and the hardness ratio is found to be directly correlated with the rise time of the counting rate profile. We also find, for the first time, evidence for spectral variation in a timescale of 64 ms.

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Astrophysical Journal

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