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Giesel, Kristina C-8699-2013

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We study some consequences of the loop quantization of the outermost dust shell in the LemaitreTolman-Bondi spacetime with a homogeneous dust density using different quantization strategies motivated by loop quantum gravity. Prior work has dealt with loop quantizing this model by employing holonomies and the triads, following the procedure in standard loop quantum cosmology. In this work we compare this quantization with the one in which holonomies and gauge-covariant fluxes are used. While both of the quantization schemes resolve the central singularity, they lead to different mass gaps at which a trapped surface forms. This trapped surface which is matched to an exterior generalized Vaidya spacetime disappears when the density of the dust cloud is in the Planck regime. We find that the quantization based on holonomies and gauge-covariant fluxes generically results in an asymmetric evolution of the dust shell in which the Vaidya mass associated with the white hole as seen by an external observer is 2/pi of the one for the black hole. This effective difference in masses results from difference in the classical limits in preand postbounce regimes in the two quantizations. This distinctive feature rules out formation of any blackhole-white-hole twins in presence of gauge-covariant flux modifications, which is in contrast to the quantization using holonomies and triads where the gravitational collapse always leads to black hole-white hole twins. Another striking difference lies in the fact that for the quantization based on holonomies and gauge-covariant fluxes there can be situations in which during a nonsingular collapse only a black hole forms without a white hole.

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