We quantize spherically symmetric vacuum gravity without gauge fixing the diffeomorphism constraint. Through a rescaling, we make the algebra of Hamiltonian constraints Abelian, and therefore the constraint algebra is a true Lie algebra. This allows the completion of the Dirac quantization procedure using loop quantum gravity techniques. We can construct explicitly the exact solutions of the physical Hilbert space annihilated by all constraints. New observables living in the bulk appear at the quantum level (analogous to spin in quantum mechanics) that are not present at the classical level and are associated with the discrete nature of the spin network states of loop quantum gravity. The resulting quantum space-times resolve the singularity present in the classical theory inside black holes. © 2013 American Physical Society.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physical Review Letters
Gambini, R., & Pullin, J. (2013). Loop quantization of the schwarzschild black hole. Physical Review Letters, 110 (21) https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.211301