The WFIRST microlensing mission will measure precise light curves and relative parallaxes for millions of stars, giving it the potential to characterize short-period transiting planets all along the line of sight and into the galactic bulge. These light curves will enable the detection of more than 100,000 transiting planets whose host stars have measured distances. Although most of these planets cannot be followed up, several thousand hot Jupiters can be confirmed directly by detection of their secondary eclipses in the WFIRST data. Additionally, some systems of small planets may be confirmed by detecting transit timing variations over the duration of the WFIRST microlensing survey. Finally, many more planets may be validated by ruling out potential false positives. The combination of WFIRST transits and microlensing will provide a complete picture of planetary system architectures, from the very shortest periods to unbound planets, as a function of galactocentric distance.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific
Montet, B., Yee, J., & Penny, M. (2017). Measuring the galactic distribution of transiting planets with WFIRST. Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 129 (974) https://doi.org/10.1088/1538-3873/aa57fb