Decoherence phenomena are pervasive in the arena of nanostructures but perhaps even more so in the study of the fundamentals of quantum mechanics and quantum computation. Since there has been little overlap between the studies in both arenas, this is an attempt to bridge the gap. Topics stressed include (a) wave packet spreading in a dissipative environment, a key element in all arenas, (b) the definition of a quantitative measure of decoherence, (c) the near zero and zero temperature limit, and (d) the key role played by initial conditions: system and environment entangled at all times so that one must use the density matrix (or Wigner distribution) for the complete system or initially decoupled system and environment so that use of a reduced density matrix or reduced Wigner distribution is feasible. Our approach utilizes generalized quantum Langevin equations and Wigner distributions. © 2003 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures
O'Connell, R. (2003). Decoherence in nanostructures and quantum systems. Physica E: Low-Dimensional Systems and Nanostructures, 19 (1-2), 77-82. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1386-9477(03)00294-7