The first in a long series of papers by John T. Lewis, in collaboration with G. W. Ford and the present author, considered the problem of the most general coupling of a quantum particle to a linear passive heat bath, in the course of which they derived an exact formula for the free energy of an oscillator coupled to a heat bath in thermal equilibrium at temperature $T$. This formula, and its later extension to three dimensions to incorporate a magnetic field, has proved to be invaluable in analyzing problems in quantum thermodynamics. Here, we address the question raised in our title viz. Nernst's third law of thermodynamics. © 2006 Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
Journal of Statistical Physics
O'Connell, R. (2006). Does the third law of thermodynamics hold in the quantum regime?. Journal of Statistical Physics, 124 (1), 15-23. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10955-006-9151-6