A depth-encoding anger detector using scintillating fibers
Parallax error during coincidence imaging with dual-head cameras causes infidelity in tomographic images, worsening as one increases crystal thickness to combat poor detection efficiency. We are integrating wavelength-shifting (WLS) scintillating fibers onto a thick NaI(Tl) crystal to create an Anger detector capable of measuring depth-of-interaction (DOI). Our studies target eventual implementation on the large-area detectors of commercial multi-head coincidence imaging systems. The prototype detector uses a 127×127×25.4mm NaI(TI) crystal. The crystal is sealed in a two-windowed aluminum enclosure - both faces of the crystal are coupled optically to glass windows. A ribbon of 125 square 1-mm WLS fibers is coupled lengthwise to the entrance window; enhanced-green-response photomultiplier tubes (PMTs) detect the light from the fibers. The number of fibers exhibiting signals above a threshold value determines the DOI. For interactions near the ribbon, light localizes in only a few fibers: light from distant interactions illuminates many fibers. Four PMTs, for position centroid calculation and energy windowing, are coupled through a light-guide to the exit window of the detector. This paper summarizes the concept of the depth-encoding Anger detector, describes the design of the detector prototype, and details on-going feasibility testing and optimization of the detector.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference
Matthews, K., Leonard, S., Ordoñez, C., Persyk, D., & Chang, W. (2000). A depth-encoding anger detector using scintillating fibers. IEEE Nuclear Science Symposium and Medical Imaging Conference, 2 Retrieved from https://repository.lsu.edu/physics_astronomy_pubs/3382