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The purpose of the ATIC balloon experiment is to measure the energy spectra of primary cosmic rays with individual charge resolution from protons to iron over the energy range from ∼ 50 GeV to 200 TeV. The particle energy is measured by a bismuth germanate (BGO) scintillation calorimeter. The procedure of calorimeter calibration is described, in particular, calibration of the temperature dependence of the calorimeter sensitivity using the data of in-flight measurements. A technique for determining the energy deposited in the calorimeter in view of the temperature dependence of its sensitivity is presented. The maximum systematic error in determining the deposited energy by the calorimeter is 10% or less, and the probable error is estimated at 6%. © 2008 MAIK Nauka.

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Instruments and Experimental Techniques

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