Quasi-exact solvability of the one-dimensional Holstein model

Feng Pan, Liaoning Normal University
Lian Rong Dai, Liaoning Normal University
J. P. Draayer, Louisiana State University


The one-dimensional Holstein model of spinless fermions interacting with dispersionless phonons is solved by using a Bethe ansatz in analogue to that for the one-dimensional spinless Fermi-Hubbard model. Excitation energies and the corresponding wavefunctions of the model are determined by a set of partial differential equations. It is shown that the model is, at least, quasi-exactly solvable for the two-site case, when the phonon frequency, the electron-phonon coupling strength and the hopping integral satisfy certain relations. As examples, some quasi-exact solutions of the model for the two-site case are derived. © 2006 IOP Publishing Ltd.