Cryopreservation of canine spermatozoa: theoretical prediction of optimal cooling rates in the presence and absence of cryoprotective agents

Document Type


Publication Date



In the present study a shape independent differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) technique was used to measure the dehydration response during freezing of ejaculated canine sperm cells. Volumetric shrinkage during freezing of canine sperm cell suspensions was obtained at cooling rates of 5 and 10 degrees C/min in the presence of extracellular ice and CPAs (6 different combinations of freezing media were used, ranging from a media with no CPAs, and those with 0.5%, 3%, and 6% glycerol and with 0.5% and 3% Me(2)SO). Using previously published data, the canine sperm cell was modeled as a cylinder of length 105.7mum and a radius of 0.32mum with an osmotically inactive cell volume, V(b), of 0.6 V(o), where V(o) is the isotonic cell volume. By fitting a model of water transport to the experimentally obtained volumetric shrinkage data the best fit membrane permeability parameters (L(pg) and E(Lp)) were determined. The "combined best fit" membrane permeability parameters at 5 and 10 degrees C/min for canine sperm cells in the absence of CPAs are: L(pg)=0.52x10(-15)m(3)/Ns (0.0029mum/min-atm) and E(Lp)=64.0kJ/mol (15.3kcal/mol) (R(2)=0.99); and the corresponding parameters in the presence of CPAs ranged from L(pg)[cpa]=0.46 to 0.53x10(-15) m(3)/Ns (0.0027-0.0031mum/min-atm) and E(Lp)[cpa]=46.4-56.0kJ/mol (11.1-13.4kcal/mol). These parameters are significantly different than previously published parameters for canine and other mammalian sperm obtained at suprazero temperatures and at subzero temperatures in the absence of extracellular ice. The parameters obtained in this study also suggest that optimal rates of freezing canine sperm cells ranges from 10 to 30 degrees C/min; these theoretical cooling rates are found to be in close conformity with previously published but empirically determined optimal cooling rates.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)


First Page


Last Page


This document is currently not available here.