Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Continuous-discrete systems can occur when the plant state evolves in continuous time but the output values are only available at discrete instants. Continuous-discrete observers have the valuable property that the observation error between the true state of the system and the observer state converges to zero in a uniform way. The design of continuous-discrete observers can often be done by building framers, which provide componentwise upper and lower bounds for the plant state. This paper is a tutorial on these approaches, highlighting recent results in the literature, and also providing previously unpublished, original results which are not being simultaneously submitted elsewhere.

Publication Source (Journal or Book title)

SIAM Conference on Control and Its Applications 2015

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