Direct systems of spherical functions and representations

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Spherical representations and functions are the building blocks for harmonic analysis on riemannian symmetric spaces. Here we consider spherical functions and spherical representations related to certain infinite dimensional symmetric spaces G∞=K∞ = lim → Gn=Kn. We use the representation theoretic construction '(x) = he; ∂(x)e, π where e is a K∞ fixed unit vector for π. Specifically, we look at representations π∞ = lim → πn of G∞ where πn is Kn -spherical, so the spherical representations πn and the corresponding spherical functions 'n are related by ∂n(x) = hen; ∂n(x)=en πn(x)en where en is a Kn -fixed unit vector for πn , and we consider the possibility of constructing a K∞{spherical function ∂∞ = lim ∂n . We settle that matter by proving the equivalence of (i) feng converges to a nonzero K∞-fixed vector e, and (ii) G∞=K∞ has finite symmetric space rank (equivalently, it is the Grassmann manifold of p{planes in F1 where p < 1 and F is R, C or H). In that finite rank case we also prove the functional equation ∂(x)∂(n)=lim n→∞∫Kn ∂(xky) dk of Faraut and Olshanskii, which is their definition of spherical functions. We use this, and recent results of M. Rösler, T. Koornwinder and M. Voit, to show that in the case of finite rank all K∞-spherical representations of G∞ are given by the above limit formula. This in particular shows that the characterization of the spherical representations in terms of highest weights is still valid as in the finite dimensional case. © 2013 Heldermann Verlag.

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Journal of Lie Theory

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