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In this paper, we obtain a canonical central element νH for each semi-simple quasi-Hopf algebra H over any field k and prove that νH is invariant under gauge transformations. We show that if k is algebraically closed of characteristic zero then for any irreducible representation of H which affords the character χ, χ(νH) takes only the values 0, 1 or -1, moreover if H is a Hopf algebra or a twisted quantum double of a finite group then χ(νH) is the corresponding Frobenius-Schur indicator. We also prove an analog of a theorem of Larson-Radford for split semi-simple quasi-Hopf algebras over any field k. Using this result, we establish the relationship between the antipode S, the values of χ(νH), and certain associated bilinear forms when the underlying field k is algebraically closed of characteristic zero. © 2003 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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Advances in Mathematics

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