Racialized and Identity-Based Inequalities as (New?) Frontiers for Academic Discussion: Future Agendas around Land Issues

Abstract / Resumen / Resumo

In this essay, I will expand a set of topics and theoretical perspectives that will enrich the debates around land issues in Latin America. Based on previous experience in armed conflicts and the progression of the property regime in South America as well as the analytical tools that have been predominant in JLAG and CLAG, I contend that a male, north-based scholarship has defined the course of land issues in this part of the hemisphere and that structural and socio-economic inequalities around the “colono” property regime have been central in geographic and spatial analysis. However, since the 2000s political ecologists, critical geographers, feminists, and post-colonial authors, have expanded the focus around land issues giving new places to female and racialized studies, LGBT exclusion, and new environmental inequalities. These three, among others, will be central in the progression of land studies during the next years and I will highlight how geographic analysis has historically demoted the above mentioned perspectives, being their very position of marginality, their new motor and driving force.