Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Document Type



Fault observability as well as fault location algorithms in distributed power system are studied in this thesis. The importance of finding the fault location in a distribution system with the purpose of increasing reliability and decreasing the maintenance time and cost is discussed. Then, different existing fault location algorithms and approaches in the literature are introduced and compared. Subsequently, a new strategy to achieve fault observability of power systems while aiming minimum required number of Phasor Measurement Units (PMUs) in the network is proposed. The method exploits the nodal voltage and mesh current analyses where the impedance and admittance matrices of the network and its dual circuit are developed and utilized for fault location. The criterion of determining the number and the places of PMUs is that the fault location and impedance can be obtained in a unique manner without multi estimation. In addition, the method considers faults along the lines as opposed to the faults only on system buses available in the literature. The proposed approach provides an economical solution to decrease measurement costs for large power networks, distributed generation networks, and micro grids. Simulation results for IEEE 7-bus, 14-bus, and 30-bus systems verify the effectiveness of the proposed approach.



Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Mehraeen, Shahab