Master of Arts (MA)



Document Type



The impact of bullying on children’s self-esteem, confidence, and social acceptance has become increasingly recognized. Considerable research has evaluated the deleterious effects of bullying and protective and risk factors as a result of victimization. Past research has shown social support to be a protective factor for children and adolescents who have been subjected to negative experiences, such as experiencing traumatic events (Vigna, Hernandez, Paasch, Gordon, & Kelley, 2009). However, research has not evaluated whether social support buffers the impact of bullying on children and adolescents. The current study investigated perceived social support and its role as a protective factor against low self-esteem and internalizing problems in bullied children and adolescents. Hierarchical regression and simple slope analysis revealed that social support was significant in moderating anxiety, but did not protect against depression or low self-esteem. Additionally, there was a stronger association between bullying and anxiety with high social support compared to low social support. Strengths, limitations, and directions for future research were addressed.



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Committee Chair

Kelley, Mary Lou



Included in

Psychology Commons