Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MSEE)


Electrical and Computer Engineering

Document Type



Opportunities abound in the global content delivery service market and it is here that multicasting is proving to be a powerful feature. In WDM networks, optical splitting is widely used to achieve multicasting. It removes the complications of optical-electronic-optical conversions [1]. Several multicasting algorithms have been proposed in the literature for building light trees. As the amount of fiber deployment increases in networks, the risk of losing large volumes of data traffic due to a fiber span cut or due to node failure also increases. In this thesis we propose heuristic schemes to make the primary multicast trees resilient to network impairments. We consider single link failures only, as they are the most common cause of service disruptions. Thus our heuristics make the primary multicast session survivable against single link failures by offering alternate multicast trees. We propose three algorithms for recovering from the failures with proactive methodologies and two algorithms for recovering from failures by reactive methodologies. We introduce the new and novel concept of critical subtree. Through our new approach the proactive and reactive approaches can be amalgamated together using a criticality threshold to provide recovery to the primary multicast tree. By varying the criticality threshold we can control the amount of protection and reaction that will be used for recovery. The performance of these five algorithms is studied in combinations and in standalone modes. The input multicast trees to all of these recovery heuristics come from a previous work on designing power efficient multicast algorithms for WDM optical networks [1]. Measurement of the power levels at receiving nodes is indeed indicative of the power efficiency of these recovery algorithms. Other parameters that are considered for the evaluation of the algorithms are network usage efficiency, (number of links used by the backup paths) and the computation time for calculating these backup paths. This work is the first to propose metrics for evaluating recovery algorithms for multicasting in WDM optical networks. It is also the first to introduce the concept of hybrid proactive and reactive approach and to propose a simple technique for achieving the proper mix.



Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Ahmed El-Amawy