Master of Science (MS)


Petroleum Engineering

Document Type



The ability to evaluate rock and fluid properties on the order of a few microns opens new areas in reservoir engineering and reservoir simulation. Multiple studies have been done on the application of x-ray computed tomography (microCT) for the pore-scale evaluation of fluid interfaces and rock-fluid interaction. A majority of the fluid flow governing interactions occur at the pore scale level and is usually overseen on large reservoir scales. Hence, it is important to carefully investigate such interactions. Multi-fluid-phase distribution and interaction of two immiscible fluids such as oil and water is one of the most important and constantly investigated subjects in the oil and gas industry. Oil-water interaction is a complex phenomenon governed by various flow mechanisms in addition to fluid and rock physical properties. Wettability is one of the major concepts of the fluid flow through the porous media and a physical property of the rock that influences hydrocarbon recovery and the recovery methods. Oil and water phase distribution and residual blob configurations in water-wet and oil-wet Berea sandstone cores were successfully identified using x-ray computed tomography. Residual and remaining oil saturations were calculated from the obtained images. Rock porosity was calculated using indicator kriging segmentation technique and fluid saturations were calculated using watershed segmentation. Residual oil blob geometry in the water-wet core was successfully obtained from the segmented images. Oil saturations and phase configurations were in agreement with the oil saturation estimations obtained through the capillary desaturation analysis.



Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Release the entire work immediately for access worldwide.

Committee Chair

Thompson, Karsten