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The primary purpose of this thesis was to present a production and development history of the early Louth Louisiana oil fields and to determine to what extent these oil developments have influenced population in surrounding areas. The study indicates that in nearly every instance where a major oil field has been discovered, population figures have risen. The exceptions have been in instances where oil fields were located in remote, uninhabited areas. Towns and cities most decidedly influenced by oil developments were: Jennings, Lake Quarles, houma, Hackberry, Vinton, and New Iberia. *tany other towns and villages were affected to a lesser extent. Figures are given which indicate that increases and decreases of population in oil field areas have paralleled increases and decreases in oil production. No attempt has been made to discuss fields discovered since 1935. It is felt that those discussed in this thesis will definitely prove the close relation between oil and population.