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In this study a descriptive analysis is made of selected, limitations on the organization of treatment at Louisiana State Penitentiary within the past approximate decade. Since it is concerned with a 'modern' prison, the study is applicable to most contemporary American prisons undergoing any phase of the transition from objectives of custody and production to that of treatment orientation.

The study presents (1) a brief historical progression of the 'old' system in Louisiana, making a cursory analysis of the ideology, structure, and method of operation of that penal structure at Angola prior to the 1951-52 prison 'riot'; (2) a survey of the nature of that 'riot' or pervasive force, revealing the results of that upheaval as having necessitated sudden and abrupt change which did not fulfill the needs of that institution; (3) a selective description of some theoretical limitations that were inherent in the American prison system in its evolution and which became a part of the 'new' system, and; (4) a cursory analysis of certain inherent and inbred limitations of the 'treatment program' at Angola within the past approximate decade.

In the way of final conclusion, this study implies that the 'new' system at Angola has failed as a result of limitations placed upon it. Issue is then taken with those concepts held by "progressive" penologists concerning the evolution of criminal behavior and the future role of treatment in prison. Finally, a brief proposal is advanced for a more realistic prison structure within the correctional process as a whole.