Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Mary Lou Kelley


Children in the United States have an increasing rate of exposure to chronic community violence. Research on children exposed to community, domestic, and war-related violence has demonstrated the traumatic effects of violence on children. The KID-SAVE was developed as an empirically-based self-report measure of violence exposure for children in grades three through seven. During an initial development study, the KID-SAVE demonstrated excellent reliability and preliminary construct validity data. The purpose of the present study was to provide further validity data on the KID-SAVE. A sample of 188 children (96 boys and 92 girls) and their parents participated in the study. The sample was 97% African-American and included students from grades 3 through 7. The children completed the KID-SAVE, the Assessment of Chronic Traumatic Stress (ACTS), and the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC-A). Their parents completed parent versions of the KID-SAVE and the ACTS, the Child Behavior Checklist for Children (CBCL), the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), and the Revised Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS2). Correlational analyses revealed that five corresponding subscales were significantly correlated across the Child and Parent versions of the KID-SAVE, suggesting some parent and child concordance in the report of exposure to violence. Multiple regression analyses were conducted to demonstrate the relationship between parent and child report of exposure to violence and corresponding traumatic symptomatology, as well as general child behavior problems. The relationship between parental report of family violence and violence exposure in their children was also evaluated.