Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Agricultural Economics

First Advisor

P. Lynn Kennedy


The objective of this dissertation is to examine the agricultural trade policies of Turkey and determine the impact of various relevant policy scenarios on the welfare and distribution of income within the agricultural sector as well as between producers and consumer groups. The main goal of this research is to quantify the impact of trade liberalization resulting from multilateral agricultural trade agreements and the formation of regional trading blocs on Turkish agriculture and, consequently, the income distribution effects in the various producer and consumer groups. The study utilizes a partial equilibrium framework Modele Internationale Simplifie de Simulation (MISS) to analyze the impacts of various policy decisions and scenarios on the welfare of producers, consumers, and the budget. In this study, ten agricultural products that each play significant roles in terms of production, consumption, and trade are examined. These products are; lamb, dairy milk, corn, wheat, rice, oilseeds, cotton, sugar, tobacco, and poultry. Producer and Consumer subsidy equivalents which show overall protection in these sectors, are used to represent the weights perceived by the policy makers. Results show that Turkish Political Preference Function (PPF) values are higher in integration but decreases in free trade. The Nash equilibrium occurred at the point where Turkey chooses integration with the EU while the EU chooses the Agenda 2000 reform provisions. Results also show that distribution of income estimated by the Gini coefficient does not change significantly with freer trade but deteriorates with the integration.