Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

First Advisor

J. Callaway


We present two methods to study model Hamiltonians defined on clusters. One is the symmetrization of the Hilbert space basis according to irreducible representations of the symmetry group of the Hamiltonian. The other one adapts the Lanczos diagonalization method directly to the second quantized form of the Hamiltonian studied. By the symmetrization of the basis, one takes advantage of the symmetries of the Hamiltonian, and uses the group theory to find the invariant subspaces of the Hamiltonian in the complete Hilbert space. Then one needs only to work within the invariant subspaces. This method cuts down substantially the size of the matrix representation of the Hamiltonian to be diagonalized. Therefore, one could study relatively larger systems. As a result, all the eigenvectors and eigenvalues are obtained. Consequently, one could calculate thermodynamical quantities and various correlation functions, such as, the spin correlation, the charge correlation, the superconductivity pairing correlation, and the photoemission spectra. One the other hand, the Lanczos method, mentioned here in particular, is a specially developed computer program for the study of the model Hamiltonians. This program uses the key feature of the Lanczos method in diagonalization, allows one to use the second quantized form of the Hamiltonian directly without pregeneration or storing the matrix elements of the Hamiltonian. Two methods could be combined to take the full advantage of the symmetries of the Hamiltonian by input of the symmetrized wavefunction as the starting trial wavefunction in the Lanczos method. Here we illustrate the above two methods by applying to the Hubbard, and extended Hubbard models on a simple cubic cluster, and the lattice Anderson model on the two dimensional square lattice. Other interesting results for different systems are also briefly discussed here.