Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


The purpose of this study was to explore the relationships between: (a) socialization experiences and gender-role identity, (b) socialization experiences and premarital sexual permissive attitudes, and (c) gender-role identity and premarital sexual permissive attitudes using a causal model. Data were gathered from a random sample of 571 college students. The instrument consisted of standard background questions, the Bem Sex-Role Inventory, a religiosity scale, and the Reiss' Premarital Sexual Permissiveness Scale. A t-test was used to test the differences between the means of males and females concerning gender-role identity and premarital sexual permissiveness. Males were found to possess higher levels of premarital sexual permissive attitudes than were females. Also, members of both sexes tended to be either gender-typed or androgynous. LISREL procedures were used to test the model. Only three relationships were significant. Religiosity was significantly related to gender-role identity and premarital sexual permissiveness regardless of the sex of the subjects. However, the relationship between gender-role identity and premarital sexual permissive attitudes was significant for only males. The breakdown of the model was discussed in terms of inadequate measurement and theoretical limitations. Revised models were also presented.