## Identifier

etd-11022015-132932

## Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

## Department

Mathematics

## Document Type

Dissertation

## Abstract

Our main focus will be to investigate the various facets of what are commonly called dynamical systems or flows, which are triples $(S,X,\pi)$, where $X$ is a compact Hausdorff space and $\pi:S \times X \longrightarrow X$ is a separately continuous action of a semigroup $S$ on $X$. Historically, as was introduced by R.Ellis 1960, the enveloping semigroup, which is a closure of the set of continuous functions on a compact space $X$, was discovered to be an important tool to study dynamical systems. Soon, a realization of the existence of a universal compactification of a phase semigroup with an extended homomorphism onto the enveloping semigroup lead to an alternate approach to study these systems via this compactification. The importance of this alternative approach in this respect derives from the fact that the dynamical and many topological properties of $S$ can be translated into properties of its compactification. In Chapter one we will present a brief summary of notations and basic results from topological algebra as well as some basic information on the Stone-\v{C}ech Compactification, $\beta S$. In Chapter two we will expand on some of the work in chapter one and recall the necessary background from topological dynamics. We will define the enveloping semigroup and review some of the well known results concerning its structure. Fundamental and well known theorems which lead to the assertion as to the existence of a universal system will be presented. Utilizing this universal property we will further explain how all other dynamical systems arise as quotients of this universal system via suitable closed left congruences. In Chapter three, we concentrate on the special case where the phase semigroup is the set of natural numbers $N$ under addition and treat its compactification as the set of ultrafilters on $N$ and the extended action as that of $\beta N$. In so doing we will present results which relate notions of proximality and almost periodicity in a dynamical system to combinatorially rich central subsets of $N$. In lieu of an appendix we have also included in this chapter a rather deeper exposition of an example in symbolic dynamics arising from an action of $N$ on the product space $X=\prod\limits_{i=1}^{\infty}\{0,1\}$, which is isomorphic to a variety of other dynamic mappings, like the quadratic map on the cantor set which has significant applications in data storage and transmission, linear algebra and many other areas \cite{Dev89}.

## Date

2015

## Document Availability at the Time of Submission

Secure the entire work for patent and/or proprietary purposes for a period of one year. Student has submitted appropriate documentation which states: During this period the copyright owner also agrees not to exercise her/his ownership rights, including public use in works, without prior authorization from LSU. At the end of the one year period, either we or LSU may request an automatic extension for one additional year. At the end of the one year secure period (or its extension, if such is requested), the work will be released for access worldwide.

## Recommended Citation

Majed, Lieth Abdalateef, "Topological Dynamics On Compact Phase Spaces" (2015). *LSU Doctoral Dissertations*. 591.

https://repository.lsu.edu/gradschool_dissertations/591

## Committee Chair

Lisan, Amha

## DOI

10.31390/gradschool_dissertations.591