Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



Document Type



Routines are observable and repetitive behavior patterns that are context specific and help to automate aspects of daily life (Sytsma, Kelley, & Wymer, 2001; Zisberg, Young, Schepp, & Zysberg, 2007). The presence of routines in an individual’s life promotes overall functioning, and irregular routines have been associated with poorer physical and psychological health (Margraf, Lavallee, Zhang, & Schneider, 2016). Time management skills, such as those required to plan, prioritize, and execute tasks are crucial to cultivating stable routines. Although measures of routines exist for children, adolescents, families, and older adults, the routines of younger adults have been neglected.

The purpose of this study was to develop a psychometrically sound measure to quantify typical routines and time management practices in a young adult population. The resulting measure assessed four aspects of routines and time management: daily routines, social routines, time management, and procrastination routines. The item pool was generated using developmentally appropriate items from related measures, themes present in recently published literature, and theorized factors of routines. The items developed for the Routines and Time Management Inventory for Young Adults (RTMI), were administered to adults aged 18 to 35, along with established measures predicted to correlate with the RTMI. Exploratory factor analysis was used to determine item retention and factor structure of the measure. Also presented are reliability coefficients for the factors, and correlational analyses provide initial construct validity.



Committee Chair

Kelley, Mary Lou