Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



Document Type



In this work we apply the two-dimensional Helmholtz/Hodge decomposition to develop new finite element schemes for two-dimensional Maxwell's equations. We begin with the introduction of Maxwell's equations and a brief survey of finite element methods for Maxwell's equations. Then we review the related fundamentals in Chapter 2. In Chapter 3, we discuss the related vector function spaces and the Helmholtz/Hodge decomposition which are used in Chapter 4 and 5. The new results in this dissertation are presented in Chapter 4 and Chapter 5. In Chapter 4, we propose a new numerical approach for two-dimensional Maxwell's equations that is based on the Helmholtz/Hodge decomposition for divergence-free vector fields. In this approach an approximate solution for Maxwell's equations can be obtained by solving standard second order scalar elliptic boundary value problems. This new approach is illustrated by a P1 finite element method. In Chapter 5, we further extend the new approach described in Chapter 4 to the interface problem for Maxwell's equations. We use the extraction formulas and multigrid method to overcome the low regularity of the solution for the Maxwell interface problem. The theoretical results obtained in this dissertation are confirmed by numerical experiments.



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Committee Chair

Brenner, Susanne C.