Analysis on Effective UAS Survey Conditions for Classification of Coastal Sediments
Author ORCID Identifier
Wang, Lei https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1298-4839
This study aims to introduce effective unmanned aerial system (UAS) survey conditions for coastal sediment classification, including muddy sand, sand, gravel, and shells in a tidal flat area. UAS images with resolutions ranging from 2 to 60 mm are used as an implication of survey altitudes. The UAS images are used for sediment classification using random forest (RF) and support vector machine (SVM) methods. The results showed that RF is more effective in sediment classification while the general accuracy pattern was similar. The accuracy decreased with lower spatial resolutions. Notably, there is a significant drop of accuracy with a resolution coarser than 40 mm. Considering the training data selection, classification accuracy, and survey efficiency, it is suggested that 40 mm UAS images would provide optimal condition with acceptable accuracy for coastal sediment classification using RF model. To gain higher accuracy, a lower flight altitude is required, which will elongate the survey time significantly. Given the fact that this study is the first approach to test various UAS survey conditions for coastal sediment classifications in a field condition; the methodology and findings of this study can serve as a guideline framework for future coastal UAS sediment mapping.
Publication Source (Journal or Book title)
IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING
Kim, H., Yu, J., Wang, L., Park, C., Han, H. S., & Jang, S. (2022). Analysis on Effective UAS Survey Conditions for Classification of Coastal Sediments. IEEE JOURNAL OF SELECTED TOPICS IN APPLIED EARTH OBSERVATIONS AND REMOTE SENSING, 15, 1163-1173. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSTARS.2021.3136228