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Summary. Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility measurements have been performed on 154 specimens taken from 25 different seams in the South Wales Coal Field, up to 24 samples per seam. The magnetic fabric determined is represented, in general, by oblate spheroids with minimum (Kc) AMS axes usually clustered at a near‐vertical, or occasionally, near‐horizontal pole which is normal to the magnetic foliation plane defined by great circle distributions of maximum (Ka) and intermediate (Kb) axes. The results suggest that the coalification process and variations in rank within the coal field are due to the combined effects of vertical compression and compaction resulting from variations in overburden pressure, and to horizontal compression, due to variations in tectonic thrusting during the Variscan Orogeny. Analysis of the AMS of closely spaced samples across a single anthracite seam shows no systematic variability in magnetic properties within the seam. Copyright © 1979, Wiley Blackwell. All rights reserved

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Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society

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